According to the 2018 global peace index rankings, several African countries are ahead of both the United states and United Kingdom in peace ranking scores. Mauritius, Botswana, Sierra Leone, Madagascar, Ghana, Namibia, Malawi, Zambia, Tanzania and Senegal are all ahead of UK in peace rankings. While for the united states at least 30 African countries are ahead.
Western media bias
Africa is often depicted in the media as a conflict-ridden continent. The media loves news that show depressing stories and just misery towards the continent. I would have gone as far as labelling the media depiction of Africa as journalists trying to satisfy the schadenfreude urge of their audience. Schadenfreude Is the pleasure derived from learning of someone’s misery or misfortunes. Images of starving African children and child soldiers are omnipresent in online media. This portrayal of Africa causes the rest of the world to pity Africans. In the minds of many, Africa is just an aid-dependent continent on the verge of collapsing.
According to research from McGill University, humans are drawn to depressing stories due to a negativity bias. Negativity bias according to researchers is our eagerness to hear and recall depressing news. Indeed this human bias does play a role in the poor depiction of Africa by the media but there are additional reasons. More research needs to be done to identify other reasons for the bad portrayal of Africa.
The negative effects of poor media depiction
Africa also tends to be viewed as just one “country” of homogeneous people. This is wrong on so many levels. According to research, Africa is the most diverse continent in the world. Due to this wrong perception, when conflict occurs in Somalia or South Sudan this is usually extrapolated to encompass the whole African continent.
The distorted portrayal of Africa by the global media has several negative impacts on the continent and its people. Africa is seen by many as the continent of black people. Often, North Africa tends to be grouped with the Middle East. As a result, black people are perceived as violent especially by people who have minimal contact with them.
For example, someone from a Chinese city might have never encountered a black person but due to poor media image, he/she would perceive black people as violent. This is a major cause of discrimination.
In addition, Africa is also perceived by many as comprising of failed states. With this depiction a potential investor would shy away from investing in the continent resulting in loss of potential jobs and revenues. Furthermore, it makes the rest of the world view Africans as incapable of running a country successfully which is far from the truth.
Several African countries ahead of both the US and UK
According to the global peace index rankings released in 2018, several African countries are ahead of both the United states and United Kingdom in peace ranking scores. Mauritius, Botswana, Sierra Leone, Madagascar, Ghana, Namibia, Malawi, Zambia, Tanzania and Senegal are all ahead of UK in peace rankings.
While for the united states at least 30 African countries are more peaceful. Based on media reporting, this statistic would be a surprise to many. This is the danger of biased media reporting.
African media and content creators should tell their own stories
If African countries are perceived as safe, it would have numerous benefits. Investors will be willing to expand their businesses to African countries and create jobs. Furthermore, tourism would also grow in several countries because of the beauty of many African countries.
Against this backdrop it is imperative that African media tell their own stories. African media is severely found wanting in telling their own stories. Content creators should also seize this opportunity to make their African stories known to the rest of the world. Industries such as Nollywood should do more and expand their movie bases too. I strongly believe that when Africa tells her own stories, it would gain the respect it fully deserves.