33 African countries are more peaceful than the United States according to the 2019 Global Peace Index rankings

According to the 2019 Global Peace Index rankings, 33 African countries are more peaceful than the United States.

Media bias against Africa

Africa is often depicted in the media as a conflict-ridden continent. The media loves news that shows depressing stories and just misery towards the continent. This media depiction of Africa by journalists satisfies the schadenfreude urge of their audience. Schadenfreude is the pleasure derived from learning of someone’s misery or misfortunes. Images of starving African children and child soldiers are omnipresent in online media. This portrayal of Africa causes the rest of the world to pity Africans. In the minds of many, Africa is just an aid-dependent continent on the verge of collapsing.

According to research from McGill University, humans are drawn to depressing stories due to a negativity bias. Negativity bias according to researchers is our eagerness to hear and recall depressing news. Indeed this human bias does play a role in the poor depiction of Africa by the media but additional factors could also play a role. More research needs to be done to identify other reasons for the bad media portrayal of Africa.

The negative impacts of poor media depiction

Africa also tends to be viewed as just one “country” of homogeneous people. This is wrong on so many levels. According to research, Africa is the most diverse continent in the world. Due to this wrong perception, when conflict occurs in Somalia or South Sudan this is usually extrapolated to encompass the whole African continent.

The distorted portrayal of Africa by the global media has several negative impacts on the continent and its people. Africa is seen by many as the continent of black people. Often, North Africa tends to be grouped with the Middle East. As a result, black people are perceived as violent especially by people who have minimal contact with them.

For example, someone from a Chinese city might have never encountered a black person but due to poor media image, he/she would perceive black people as violent. This is a major cause of discrimination.

In addition, Africa is also perceived by many as comprising of failed states. With this depiction, a potential investor would shy away from investing in the continent resulting in loss of potential jobs and revenues. Furthermore, it makes the rest of the world view Africans as incapable of running a country successfully and only in need of foreign aid which is far from the truth.

African media and content creators should tell their own stories

If African countries are perceived as safe, it would have numerous benefits. Firstly, investors (both African and foreign) will be more eager to expand their businesses to African countries and create jobs. Africa needs investments that will create jobs and not foreign aid. Hence, it is immensely important to attract investments in the continent.

Furthermore, the tourism industry would also grow because most of the African countries are immensely beautiful. There is a growing middle-class population on the continent but most of them would rather spend their holidays outside the continent due to not knowing the beauty of their own continent.

Against this backdrop, it is imperative that African media tell their own stories which they are severely found wanting in. Content creators should also seize this opportunity to make their African stories known to the rest of the world. Movie industries such as Nollywood should do more and expand their movie genres too. African content creators are therefore urged to go to the next level by using these opportunities to create beautiful content about the continent and its people and market it worldwide.

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Tanzania is fully funding its $3.6 billion Rufiji dam that will provide 2112MW of electricity to the country.

President Magufuli

It is no secret that African leaders have a great appetite when it comes to seeking loans for infrastructure projects. Whether this desire for loans is to fully invest the funds to the ascribed projects is still mired in controversies. Initially, they had to rely on the world bank whose criteria to disburse loans became increasingly stringent. Since China came to the scene in 2000, African leaders have shifted to the middle Kingdom to satisfy their loan needs.

While taking loans is not inherently bad, it should be a last resort. This means African countries should make sure all internal sources of funds are exhausted before going to look elsewhere. But this idea does not seem to register in the minds of African leaders. When it comes to funding infrastructure projects, only one source of funding pops into their minds, take loans.

Examples of loans taken by African governments

For instance, the administration of Nigeria’s Muhamadu Buhari has embarked on a heavy revitalisation of the country’s dilapidated infrastructure. However, most of the infrastructure projects are being funded by Chinese loans.

China also funded most of the completed infrastructure projects in Nigeria in the past few years. For instance, in 2013 China provided $400 million to fund the building of four new airport terminals in the cities of Lagos, Abuja, Port Harcourt and Kano. Furthermore, the Abuja light rail which started operations last year was funded by china’s EXIM bank at a cost of $694 million.

China also funds infrastructure projects in other African countries. For example, Kenya’s Nairobi-Mombasa standard gauge rail (SGR) which was recently extended to Naivasha was funded by China to the tune of $4.7 billion. Ethiopia’s Addis Ababa-Djibouti SGR was also funded by Chinese loans.

These are just a few examples when it comes to the increasing debts African governments are accruing not only from China but also other international financial institutes such as the world bank.

President Magufuli’s sweeping reforms

Since the ascend of Dr John Magufuli to the seat of the presidency of Tanzania in 2015, sweeping reformations have been ongoing in the Swahili-speaking country. The number of government officials unnecessary foreign trips have been drastically reduced. He reduced his salary from $15000 to $4000 per month. His cabinet size was also reduced from 30 to 19 ministries . He also cancelled the inefficient and costly power contract which was ran by a private corporation.

His reforms paid off

It seems the huge cuts he made in various areas of his government have paid off. The Tanzanian government is fully funding the $3.6 billion 2112 MW Rufiji Hydro power project. President Magufuli is on an industrialization drive and he knows power is a must if he is to achieve his goal. This remarkable feat is a lesson for the insatiable loan-seeking African leaders. They must learn from President Magufuli how to self-finance projects, instead of burdening their future generations with mounting debt.

According to the Tanzanian minister of energy, Dr Medard Kalemani, the dam would be fully funded by the government of Tanzania at the tune of $3.6 billion. This feat was achievable because of the savings made from the cuts mentioned above, coupled with tax revenues and increased income from the growth in GDP.

President Magafuli’s objectives

President Magufuli aims to transform Tanzania from a low-income country to a middle income country by 2025. With the way he is going, this goal is definitely on track. We at africahappenings say cheers to Dr Magufuli and more power to your elbow!!!

Do you think other African countries should learn how to fund infrastructure projects from Tanzania? Share your thoughts below.